A report from 3 US agencies examines various hybrid system configurations to identify opportunities for NZHPs and economically-viable configurations. The report from the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis, Idaho National Laboratory and National Renewable Energy Laboratory, (Generation & Use of Thermal Energy in the U.S. Industrial Sector & Opportunities to Reduce its Carbon Emissions) identify key GHG emission sources in the industrial sector and propose low-emitting alternatives for industrial heat. The study focuses on 14 industries where 960 plants represent <0.5% of all manufacturing in the US but emit 25% of all industrial sector emissions (5% of total US GHG emissions in 2014). The report identifies non-GHG-emitting thermal energy sources that could be used to generate non-emission heat, including geothermal, and identifies potential opportunities and implementation challenges, and proposes analyses to identify approaches to overcome the challenges.
The European Union invested €166 million between 2011 + 2016 to support renewable heating & cooling (called GreenHeat in Canada), as well as energy efficient and low-carbon solutions. A report on Framework Programme 7 provides an overview of EU-funded projects which support market uptake and tackle non-technological barriers hindering the uptake of renewable heating & cooling solutions. More research & innovation is required to develop solutions which exploit the full potential of renewable energy sources for heating & cooling, and the report notes that there is a wide range of proven technologies on the market but more is needed to increase their market share. Report at
Canada's report to the UN agency on climate change says heat pumps can be used instead of fossil fuels, resulting in zero-GHG emissions when it uses non-carbon electricity. The high efficiency of NZHP can save 40% more energy than air-source systems and may become more cost-effective in the future, it notes.
The NRCan publication on heat pumps is posted under a section on 'Cooling and HRV' on its site.
The federal energy department offers a site to compare the cost of using a NZHP and an electric heating system.
Natural Resources Canada explains some common terms used in the heat pump industry.
The Climate Change Action Plan of the Ontario government makes specific references to support for geothermal technology. The plan will “ensure building owners have access to energy-efficiency retrofit programs, such as boiler replacements and geothermal technology” and will create a green bank to increase the use of available technologies such as “solar, air-source heat pumps, geothermal systems, vehicle-to-grid energy systems, and energy storage systems.” For existing homes, geothermal in new, highly efficient buildings can also be complemented with natural gas and will support schools, hospitals, universities and colleges to retrofit their facilities with energy efficient and renewable energy technologies, including geothermal systems. Funding for measures where geothermal is eligible will range from $900 million to $1.4 billion.
The most expensive listing on Quebec's MLS website features a geothermal heat pump system. For more information visit:
Canada's Environment Minister, Catherine McKenna cites Manitoba's action of geothermal systems over the last 2 decades for its contributions to fight climate change. For more detail visit:
In July, 2013, the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) released the C448 Series-13 standard for the "Design and Installation of Earth Energy Systems". Over 30 people from all facets of the industry spent many hours reviewing the standards and updating them based on the current state of the technology. Almost immediately after releasing the Canadian standard, the CSA Group approached the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) with a proposal to work with industry stakeholders across North America to
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